Climate Peru

Most people do not know that Peru actually has a wide variety of climates because of its diverse geography. Peru is divided into four major climate zones each with its own characteristics: the coastal zone, the highlands, the jungle and the rainforest.

The Peruvian coast

The western edge of Peru, bordering the Pacific Ocean, has a temperate climate. This region is characterized by cool winters and warm summers. The average temperature along the coast is 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius). However, it is not uncommon for temperatures to drop below 59 degrees Fahrenheit (15 degrees Celsius) at night or rise above 86 degrees Fahrenheit (30 degrees Celsius) during the day.

The Peruvian Highlands

The Peruvian highlands are located in the central part of the country, east of the coast. This area includes the Andes Mountains and some lower elevations. The highlands have a temperate climate, with average temperatures of 50-59 degrees Fahrenheit (10-15 degrees Celsius). Depending on the altitude, temperatures can drop to 50 degrees Fahrenheit (-10 degrees Celsius) or rise to 68 degrees Fahrenheit (20 degrees Celsius). This region has two distinct seasons: a dry season (from April to October) and a wet season (from November to March). Precipitation varies depending on altitude, but is generally lower than in the coastal region.

The Peruvian jungle

Peru's jungle region extends from the north to the south. This region is characterized by high temperatures and high humidity. The average temperature in the jungle is about 81 degrees Fahrenheit (27 degrees Celsius). There is also a lot of rainfall in this region, averaging about 2,000 millimeters per year. However, precipitation can vary significantly from place to place within the jungle region. For example, while Iquitos receives an average of 3,000 millimeters of rain per year, Puerto Maldonado receives 1,500 millimeters.

The Amazon rainforest

Peru is home to much of the Amazon rainforest, located in the east of the country. It has a tropical climate, with very hot and humid weather throughout the year. Average temperatures in this area hover around 81 degrees Fahrenheit (27 degrees Celsius). However, the high humidity often makes it feel much hotter. A lot of rain falls in the rainforest area, averaging about 3,000 millimeters per year.

View the 14 day weather forecast for Peru

Climate Peru by month

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Day temp. (°F) 76 78 78 75 73 71 70 69 70 71 72 74
Night temp. (°F) 68 71 70 68 65 63 61 60 60 61 62 65
Water temp. (°F) 72 73 76 71 69 68 66 62 63 64 67 70
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Precipitation (inch) 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Days with rain 3 5 6 3 1 - 1 - 1 - - 1
Dry days 28 23 25 27 30 30 30 31 29 31 30 30
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sun hours per day 10 9 9 9 7 7 8 10 11 12 12 12
Wind force (Bft) 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
UV-index 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6

Travel and stay Peru

If you are planning on visiting Peru, check out these well-known travel agencies. They have been rated as the best by travelers and offer great prices for any budget.

Airline tickets

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Best time to visit Peru

Peru is a country that has much to offer tourists. From its Inca heritage to its beautiful nature, there is something for everyone in Peru. Every year, thousands of tourists from all over the world flock to Peru to see the ancient ruins, experience the vibrant nightlife and taste the delicious food. But when is the best time to visit the country?

In general, best time to visit Peru is during the dry season, which largely runs from May to October. June to August is high season for tourism, so expect crowds and higher prices during these months. If you want to avoid the crowds and still enjoy nice weather, consider visiting in April or November.

Peru's climate varies depending on the region you are in. The Amazon region is hot and humid year-round, while the Andes Mountains are colder and drier. The coastal areas, such as Lima, are usually sunny and dry.

Best time for Inca Trail to Machu Picchu

If you want to hike the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu, keep in mind that it can only be done during the dry season (May-October). The trail closes each February for maintenance.

Best time to visit the Amazon

If you are planning to go to the Amazon rainforest, it is best to go during the rainy season (November-April). This may not sound like ideal weather, but it is actually the best time to see wildlife as they come out in search of food and water. Plus, the rainforest takes on a whole new level of beauty when it is covered in greenery. Do pack your raincoat and bug spray.

Peru weather by month

What is the average Peru weather like in a given month? Let's find out! Click on a month to check all the monthly averages for sunshine, temperature highs and lows, percentage chance of rain per day, snowfall accumulation and number of rainy days.

Peru weather experiences

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Popular cities and towns in Peru

Cities and towns in Peru

Frequently asked questions

Where is Peru?

Peru lies in a straight line about 3,448 miles from United States (New York → Lima).

How long is the flight to Peru?

The flight time from Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) to Peru is approximately 9 h. 10 min.

What are the largest airports in Peru?

These are the largest airports in Peru:

  • Jorge Chávez International Airport (LIM) in Lima
  • Rodríguez Ballón International Airport (AQP) in Arequipa
  • Capitan FAP Carlos Martinez De Pinillos International Airport (TRU) in Trujillo
  • Coronel FAP Francisco Secada Vignetta International Airport (IQT) in Iquitos
  • Capitán FAP Guillermo Concha Iberico International Airport (PIU) in Piura
  • Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport (CUZ) in Cusco
  • Teniente FAP Jaime A De Montreuil Morales Airport (CHM) in Chimbote
  • Cap FAP David Abenzur Rengifo International Airport (PCL) in Pucallpa
  • Coronel FAP Carlos Ciriani Santa Rosa International Airport (TCQ) in Tacna
  • Inca Manco Capac International Airport (JUL) in Juliaca

How many inhabitants does Peru have?

Peru has 31,826,018 inhabitants.

How big is Peru?

The surface area of Peru is 798,636 mi². It is 3,5x bigger than United States.

What is the capital of Peru?

The capital of Peru is Lima.

What is the area code of Peru?

The area code to call Peru is +51.

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